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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published (except pre-print), nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines


Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online Submission Tracking System, or send email to aaannals@hotmail.com.

Article Processing Charges

Article Processing Charges (APCs) allow the publisher to make articles immediately available online to anyone to read and reuse upon publication. Annals of Acupuncture charges 300 Euro for each paper published in Open Access Issues. BUT, It's free to publish with Annals of Acupuncture in 2019.

Language Editing

Annals of Acupuncture has partnered with Heyttu Translation to provide an English-language editing service to authors prior to submission. Authors that wish to use this service will receive a 10% discount on all editing services provided by Heyttu Translation. To find out more information or get a quote, please click here.

Article Types

The journal consider all types of articles including .  

Review Articles

These describe new developments of significance in the field of acupuncture, and highlight unresolved questions and future directions. Review articles should have an Abstract, an Introduction, and brief main headings. The text should be limited to 5,000 words (including tables, figures and references).

Research Articles

These are expected to present major advances and important new research results related to acupuncture. Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conflicts of Interests, Acknowledgments (if applicable), and References. The text should be limited to 4,000 words (including figures and references).

Short articles e.g. editerialpersitictivecommentarbook review, and opinions are also welcome. 

The  journal publishes quaterly special issues i.e. The Acupuncturist primarily publishes non-peer-reviewed theory, hypothesis, case report and clinical experience, etc . 


An optional research article manuscript template can be downloaded here. We recommend that all manuscripts follow the structure below:

1. Title Page and Authorship Information

The title page should contain the following information:
· category of paper
· article title
    The article title should not exceed two lines in print. This equates to 100 characters (including spaces) for articles. The article title does not normally include numbers, acronyms, abbreviations or punctuation. It should include sufficient detail for indexing purposes but be general enough for readers outside the field to appreciate what the paper is about.
· names (spelled out in full) of all authors**, and the institutions with which they are affiliated
    The name of each author should be written with the family name last, e.g. Charles Darwin, Liu-xiang Tong, eller Liu Tong. Authorship is restricted only to direct participants who have contributed significantly to the work.
· short running title not exceeding 50 characters
· corresponding author details (name, e-mail address, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers)
· declaration of any source of financial support

2. Abbreviation List
An abbreviation list should be convered after the title page. Where a term/definition will be continually referred to, it must be written in full when it first appears in the text, followed by the subsequent abbreviation in brackets. Thereafter, the abbreviation may be used. The use of abbreviations should be kept to a minimum.

3.  Abstract

Abstracts for Research Articles should be structured while Review Articles be unstructured. Abstract should not exceed 200 words, with 4-6 relevant key words provided in alphabetical order.

4. Main Body

4.1 Introduction
The introduction section should be succinct, without subheadings.

4.2 Materials and Methods
In the the methods section,  all neccessary detail for others to be able to replicate the study should be provided, e.g. animal models, in vitro and in vivo studies, statistics, materials and reagents, etc.

Annals of Acupuncture have no space restriction on methods. Detailed descriptions of the methods (including protocols or project descriptions) and algorithms may also be uploaded as supplementary information or a previous publication that gives more details may be cited. If the method from a previous article is used then this article must be cited and discussed. If a method or tool is introduced in the study, including software, questionnaires, and scales, the license this is available under and any requirement for permission for use should be stated. If an existing method or tool is used in the research, the authors are responsible for checking the license and obtaining any necessary permission. If permission was required, a statement confirming permission was granted should be included in the Materials and Methods section.

4.3 Results and Discussion
This section may be divided into subsections or may be combined.

4.4 Main Text (For Review Only)
This section may be divided into subsections or may be combined.

4.5 Conclusions
The main conclusions of the article and  highlighting of its importance and relevance should be presented.

4.6 Ethical Approval
For animal or human experimental studies, appropriate institutional review board or ethics committee approval is required, and such approval should be stated in the methods section. Investigators who do not have formal ethics review committees should state whether the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki were followed. For work involving experimental animals, the guidelines for the care and use of the animals that were followed should be included in the methodssection.

4.7 Informed Consent
For studies on human subjects, state explicitly in the methods section that informed consent was obtained from all participating adult subjects and from parents or legal guardians for minors or incapacitated adults.The manner of obtaining consent (i.e. oral or written) should also be covered. 

4.8 Identification of Patients in Descriptions, Photographs, and Pedigrees
NO identify of patient should be presented in a subscription. It is acceptable to omitting data or making data less specific to de-identify patients, but not changing any such data.

4.9 Units

Units of measurement should be presented simply and concisely using the International System of Units (SI),  e.g. mmHg for blood pressure, Kg for body weight, celsius degree for temperature, mm/cm/m for length, and so on. 

4.10 Acupuncture Nomenclature and Traditional Medicine Terminologies
Refer to the Standard Acupuncture Nomenclature and WHO International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine in the Western Pacific Region.

4.11 Drug Names
Use the Recommended International Non-proprietary Name for medicinal substances, unless the specific trade name of a drug is directly relevant to the discussion. References to Chinese herbs should include the pinyin name and the pharmaceutical Latin name. Pinyin herb names should be italicized and in lower case. The first letter of each pharmaceutical Latin herb name should be capitalized.

4.12 Controlled Trials of Acupuncture in Clinical Studies
Preferred reporting criteria based on the Guidelines for Clinical Research in Acupuncture.

4.13 Statistical Requirements
Use correct nomenclature of statistical methods (e.g. two sample t test, not unpaired t test). All p values should be presented to the third decimal place for accuracy, unless they are less than 0.001. Descriptive statistics should follow the scales used in data description. Inferential statistics are important for interpreting results and should be described in detail. 

4.14 Funding Statement

Authors must state how the research and publication of their article was funded, by naming financially supporting body(s) (written out in full) followed by associated grant number(s) in square brackets (if applicable), for example: “This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the National Science Foundation [grant number zzzz]; and a Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant”.

If the research did not receive specific funding, but was performed as part of the employment of the authors, please name this employer. If the funder was involved in the manuscript writing, editing, approval, or decision to publish, please declare this.

4.15 Acknowledgments

All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the manuscript before the references. Anyone who made a contribution to the research or manuscript, but who is not a listed author, should be acknowledged (with their permission).

4.16 References Style

Annals of Acupuncture uses Chicago style . Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. All references should be numbered consecutively in the order of their first citation. Citations of references in the text should be identified using numbers in square brackets e.g., “as discussed by Kate [9]”; “as discussed elsewhere [9, 10]”. All references should be cited within the text and uncited references will be removed. 

• Tables or figure legends references should be included in sequence at the point where the table or figure is first mentioned in the main text.
• Abstracts should not be cited unless the abstract is the only available reference to an important concept.
• Uncompleted work or work that has not yet been accepted for publication should not be cited as references.
• Complete title of the article and the last names and initials of all the authors up to 6 must be included. If there are 7 or more authors, include the last names and initials of the first 6 authors only, followed by "et al".
• MEDLINE Abbreviations for journal titles should be conformed .
• If citing a website, please provide the author information, article title, website address and the date you accessed the information.

Examples are given below.

Journal articles
Du ZH, Zhang CW, Xie WX, Chen Y, Cong WJ, Wang ZD, et al. Acupuncture: theory, efficacy, and practice. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2019, 2019:4617464.
Like AJ, Cindy L. Clinical Electrophysiology: Electrotherapy and Electrophysiologic Testing, 2rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007.
Book chapter:
Baldry P. Acupuncture treatment of fibromyalgia and myofascial pain. In: Chaitow L, ed. Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Practitioner's Guide to Treatment, 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
Conference proceedings: Pacak K, Aguilera G, Sabban E, Kvetnansky R, eds. Stress: Current Neuroendocrine and Genetic Approaches. 8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neurotransmitters in Stress, June 28–July 3, 2003, Smolenice Castle, Slovakia. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 2004.
Website: National Cancer Institute. Acupuncture (PDQ). Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/cam/hp/acupuncture-pdq [Date accessed: July 21, 2008]

4.17 Preparation of Figures and Tables

Upon submission of an article, authors should include all figures and tables in the PDF file of the manuscript. Figures and tables should not be submitted in separate files. If the article is accepted, authors will be asked to provide the source files of the figures. Each figure should be supplied in a separate electronic file. All figures should be cited in the manuscript in a consecutive order. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers.

Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. Vertical rules should not be used.

5. Proofs

Corrected proofs must be returned to the publisher within five working days receipt. The publisher will do everything possible to ensure prompt publication.

6. Copyright and Permissions

Authors and Annals of Acupuncture co-hold the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. Once a manuscript is allowed by the author to published with the journal, The Acupuncturist holds the copyright and permission from the authors to reuse, print and commercially distribute the published articles, provided that the original work is properly cited. 

The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. The submitting author is responsible for securing any permissions needed for the reuse of copyrighted materials included in the manuscript.

While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

7. Publication Ethics

Annals of Acupuncture is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance. Annals of Acupuncture also follows the standard of COPE.


Manuscripts should only be submitted by the corresponding author. The submitted journal manuscript or monograph, or any translation of it, must neither be published, nor be submitted for publication elsewhere. Violations of these rules will normally result in an immediate rejection of the submission without further review.

When a new submission is received, a couple of checks will be done at the publisher’s office:

    Initial check of format and completeness

    Initial check for the publication status

    Initial check for Plagiarism

    Check for machine produced manuscript

    Initial check of author’s background


Papers submitted to Heyttu journals and monographs must contain original material. An Initial Plagiarism Check is carried out for every manuscript submitted to Heyttu journals or monographs. We employ Google ScholarBaidu Xueshu, and CrossCheck to check plagiarism. All its papers will be added to the CrossCheck database.

Data Fabrication and Falsification

The authors of submitted manuscripts or published articles that are found to have fabricated or falsified the results, including the manipulation of images, may incur sanctions, and published articles may be retracted.

Conflicts of Interest


Conflicts of interest (COIs, also known as ‘competing interests’) occur when issues outside research could be reasonably perceived to affect the neutrality or objectivity of the work or its assessment Authors should concern a possible Conflict of Interest. In such a case authors can still take responsibility for the accuracy of their paper, but must inform the reader with an appropriate statement in the Acknowledgements. The Conflicts of Interest covers 1) Financial: funding and other payments, goods and services received or expected by the authors relating to the subject of the work or from an organization with an interest in the outcome of the work, 2) Affiliations: being employed by, on the advisory board for, or a member of an organization with an interest in the outcome of the work, 3) Intellectual property, patents or trademarks owned by someone or their organization, 4) Personal, friends, family, relationships, and other close personal connections, 5) Ideology—beliefs or activism, for example, political or religious, relevant to the work, and 6) Academic—competitors or someone whose work is critiqued. Declarment of conflicts of interest will always be considered by the editor and reviewers and included in the published article. For more information on COIs, see the guidance from the ICMJE and WAME.

Reviewers, Editors and Journal Staff

Reviewers should be recalled at the time they are asked to critique a manuscript if they have conflicts of interest that could complicate their review. Reviewers are required to inform editors any conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript, and should recuse themselves from reviewing specific manuscripts if the potential for bias exists. Reviewers and editors are not allowed to use information of the manuscript they’re reviewing before its publication to further their own interests. Editors who make final decisions about manuscripts should recuse themselves from editorial decisions if they have conflicts of interest or relationships that pose potential conflicts related to articles under consideration. Other editorial staff members who participate in editorial decisions must provide editors with a current description of their financial interests or other conflicts (as they might relate to editorial judgments) and recuse themselves from any decisions in which a conflict of interest exists. Editors should publish regular disclosure statements about potential conflicts of interests related to their own commitments and those of their journal staff. Guest editors should follow these same procedures.

Corrections and Retractions

When errors are found in published articles and monographs, the publisher will consider what action is required and may consult the editors and the authors’ institution(s). Errors by the authors may be corrected by publishing an corrigendum and erratum.

If significantly errors and misconduct are identified, this may require an publication of retraction or an expression of concern following the COPE Retraction Guidelines.

All authors will be asked to agree to the content of the notice.

Authors may appeal if they feel that the decision to reject was based on: i) a major misunderstanding over a technical aspect of the manuscript, or ii) a failure understand the scientific advance shown by the manuscript. Appeals requesting a second opinion without sufficient justification will not be considered. To lodge an appeal, please contact the journal by email, quoting your manuscript number. Appeals will only be considered from the original submitting author.

15.Copyright Notice


Review Articles

These describe new developments of significance in the field of acupuncture, and highlight unresolved questions and future directions. Review articles should have an Abstract, an Introduction, and brief main headings. The text should be limited to 5,000 words (including tables, figures and references).

Research Articles

These are expected to present major advances and important new research results related to acupuncture. Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conflicts of Interests, Acknowledgments (if applicable), and References. The text should be limited to 4,000 words (including figures and references).

Short Articles

Short articles e.g. editerolpersitictivecommentarbook review, and opinions are also welcome. The  journal publishes quaterly special issues i.e. The Acupuncturist which only cover short papers recommended by our editoral board. 

The Acupuncturist and Herbalist

The Acupuncturist  is the special issues of Annals of Acupuncture, which is published quaterly.  The Acupuncturist which only cover short papers, theory, and hypothesis recommended by our editoral board. 

Privacy Statement

Updated: Apr. 13, 2019

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Privacy Policy of Annals of Acupuncture

Heyttu Academic Publishing operates the Annals of Acupuncture website, which provides the SERVICE.

This page is used to inform website visitors regarding our policies with the collection, use, and disclosure of Personal Information if anyone decided to use our Service, the Heyttu website.

If you choose to use our Service, then you agree to the collection and use of information in relation with this policy. The Personal Information that we collect are used for providing and improving the Service. We will not use or share your information with anyone except as described in this Privacy Policy.

The terms used in this Privacy Policy have the same meanings as in our Terms and Conditions, which is accessible at www.heyttu.com, unless otherwise defined in this Privacy Policy.

Information Collection and Use

For a better experience while using our Service, we may require you to provide us with certain personally identifiable information, including but not limited to your name, phone number, and postal address. The information that we collect will be used to contact or identify you.

Log Data

We want to inform you that whenever you visit our Service, we collect information that your browser sends to us that is called Log Data. This Log Data may include information such as your computer’s Internet Protocol (“IP”) address, browser version, pages of our Service that you visit, the time and date of your visit, the time spent on those pages, and other statistics.


Cookies are files with small amount of data that is commonly used an anonymous unique identifier. These are sent to your browser from the website that you visit and are stored on your computer’s hard drive.

Our website uses these “cookies” to collection information and to improve our Service. You have the option to either accept or refuse these cookies, and know when a cookie is being sent to your computer. If you choose to refuse our cookies, you may not be able to use some portions of our Service.

Service Providers

We may employ third-party companies and individuals due to the following reasons:

    To facilitate our Service;

    To provide the Service on our behalf;

    To perform Service-related services;

    or To assist us in analyzing how our Service is used.

We want to inform our Service users that these third parties have access to your Personal Information. The reason is to perform the tasks assigned to them on our behalf. However, they are obligated not to disclose or use the information for any other purpose.


We value your trust in providing us your Personal Information, thus we are striving to use commercially acceptable means of protecting it. But remember that no method of transmission over the internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure and reliable, and we cannot guarantee its absolute security.

Links to Other Sites

Our Service may contain links to other sites. If you click on a third-party link, you will be directed to that site. Note that these external sites are not operated by us. Therefore, we strongly advise you to review the Privacy Policy of these websites. We have no control over, and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third-party sites or services.

Children’s Privacy

Our Services do not address anyone under the age of 13. We do not knowingly collect personal identifiable information from children under 13. In the case we discover that a child under 13 has provided us with personal information, we immediately delete this from our servers. If you are a parent or guardian and you are aware that your child has provided us with personal information, please contact us so that we will be able to do necessary actions.

Changes to This Privacy Policy

We may update our Privacy Policy from time to time. Thus, we advise you to review this page periodically for any changes. We will notify you of any changes by posting the new Privacy Policy on this page. These changes are effective immediately, after they are posted on this page. This Privacy Policy was created with the GDPR Privacy Policy Generator.

GDPR Privacy Policy

At Heyttu, accessible from www.heyttu.com sub-domains including the website Annals of Acupuncture, one of our main priorities is the privacy of our visitors. This Privacy Policy document contains types of information that is collected and recorded by Heyttu and how we use it.

If you have additional questions or require more information about our Privacy Policy, do not hesitate to contact us through email at heyttu@hotmail.com

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

We are a Data Controller of your information.

Heyttu legal basis for collecting and using the personal information described in this Privacy Policy depends on the Personal Information we collect and the specific context in which we collect the information:

    Heyttu needs to perform a contract with you

    You have given Heyttu permission to do so

    Processing your personal information is in Heyttu legitimate interests

    Heyttu needs to comply with the law

Heyttu will retain your personal information only for as long as is necessary for the purposes set out in this Privacy Policy. We will retain and use your information to the extent necessary to comply with our legal obligations, resolve disputes, and enforce our policies.

If you are a resident of the European Economic Area (EEA), you have certain data protection rights. If you wish to be informed what Personal Information we hold about you and if you want it to be removed from our systems, please contact us. Our Privacy Policy was generated with the help of GDPR Privacy Policy Generator , the GDPR Privacy Policy Template and the Privacy Policy Generator from TermsFeed.

In certain circumstances, you have the following data protection rights:

    The right to access, update or to delete the information we have on you.

    The right of rectification.The right to object.The right of restriction.

     The right to data portabilityThe right to withdraw consent

Log files

Heyttu follows a standard procedure of using log files. These files log visitors when they visit websites. All hosting companies do this and a part of hosting services’ analytics. The information collected by log files include internet protocol (IP) addresses, browser type, Internet Service Provider (ISP), date and time stamp, referring/exit pages, and possibly the number of clicks. These are not linked to any information that is personally identifiable. The purpose of the information is for analyzing trends, administering the site, tracking users’ movement on the website, and gathering demographic information.

Cookies and Web Beacons

Like any other website, Heyttu uses ‘cookies’. These cookies are used to store information including visitors’ preferences, and the pages on the website that the visitor accessed or visited. The information is used to optimize the users’ experience by customizing our web page content based on visitors’ browser type and/or other information.

Google DoubleClick DART Cookie

Google is one of a third-party vendor on our site. It also uses cookies, known as DART cookies, to serve ads to our site visitors based upon their visit to www.website.com and other sites on the internet. However, visitors may choose to decline the use of DART cookies by visiting the Google ad and content network Privacy Policy at the following URL – https://policies.google.com/technologies/ads

Privacy Policies

You may consult this list to find the Privacy Policy for each of the advertising partners of Heyttu.

Third-party ad servers or ad networks uses technologies like cookies, JavaScript, or Web Beacons that are used in their respective advertisements and links that appear on Heyttu, which are sent directly to users’ browser. They automatically receive your IP address when this occurs. These technologies are used to measure the effectiveness of their advertising campaigns and/or to personalize the advertising content that you see on websites that you visit.

Note that Heyttu has no access to or control over these cookies that are used by third-party advertisers.

Third Party Privacy Policies

Heyttu’s Privacy Policy does not apply to other advertisers or websites. Thus, we are advising you to consult the respective Privacy Policies of these third-party ad servers for more detailed information. It may include their practices and instructions about how to opt-out of certain options. You may find a complete list of these Privacy Policies and their links here: Privacy Policy Links.

You can choose to disable cookies through your individual browser options. To know more detailed information about cookie management with specific web browsers, it can be found at the browsers’ respective websites. What Are Cookies?

Children’s Information

Another part of our priority is adding protection for children while using the internet. We encourage parents and guardians to observe, participate in, and/or monitor and guide their online activity.

Heyttu does not knowingly collect any Personal Identifiable Information from children under the age of 13. If you think that your child provided this kind of information on our website, we strongly encourage you to contact us immediately and we will do our best efforts to promptly remove such information from our records.

Online Privacy Policy Only

Our Privacy Policy created at  applies only to our online activities and is valid for visitors to our website with regards to the information that they shared and/or collect in Heyttu. This policy is not applicable to any information collected offline or via channels other than this website. Our GDPR Privacy Policy was generated from the GDPR Privacy Policy Generator.


By using our website, you hereby consent to our Privacy Policy and agree to its terms.

Contact Us

If you have any questions or suggestions about our Privacy Policy, do not hesitate to contact us.

It is important that the personal data we hold about you is accurate and current. Please keep us informed if your personal data changes during your relationship with us by updating your profile account information or contacting us via the contact details at the top of this Privacy Notice.